the first authentic hotel on the Gallipoli peninsula
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updated : 26/08/07
these submarines were faced with an objective which was entirely new and
fantastically dangerous. If they could once get through to the Sea of Marmara
they knew they could do pretty much what they liked with the Turkish
shipping, more particulary with the vessels that were bringing down
reinforcements and supplies to Limanís army on the peninsula. But how to get
there, how to penetrate the Dardanelles?
The straits were swept all night by searchlights, and as soon as a submarine surfaced, as it was practically bound to do in the course of the forty-mile journey, it was not only fired on but ran the risk of being caught by the various currents that set towards the shore. Ten lines of mines off Kephez Point had to be negociated, and beyond these there were the Narrows, under a mile wide, with guns on either side and patrol boats on the watch. There was another hazard : a stream of fresh water about ten fathoms deep poured down the Dardanelles from the Sea of Marmara, and it was of much lighter density than the salt water below. This made a kind of barrier in the sea, and as they passed through it the submarines were thrown violently out of control. It was not unlike the experiences of the first supersonic aircraft when they met the sound barrier in the sky; no one could make out why this strange, deadly disturbance should occur, and the commanders were forced to rise to the surface where they at once came under fire from the enemy batteries on the shore.
"Gallipoli", (Ware 1997), Alan Moorehead, p. 170